KVÜÕA toimetised nr 12

ENDC Proceedings 12/2009

Cultural, Peace and Conflict Studies Series



Religion and Politics in Multicultural Europe
Alar Kilp and Andres Saumets
1. Theoretical Considerations
1.1. Culture
1.2. Religion
1.3. Democracy
2. Civilizational, Cultural and Religious Boundaries of Europe
3. Patterns of Religion, Culture and Politics
3.1. Integration of Post-communist Countries
3.2. East-West Comparison
4. Conclusion

Nation, People and Religion – Dimensions of Modern Society: Consistency or Contradiction?
Andreas Pawlas
1. Renaissance of the “Kulturnation”?
2. Globalisation versus Regionalisation
3. Are the Roots of the Modern Nation in the Renaissance?
4. To the Self-determination of a Nation
5. The Relations between Nation, People and Religion in Germany as a Reaction to French Aggression
6. The Error of an Exaggerated Nationalism in Germany
7. Overcoming the National by International Treaties?
8. The Confusions of Nazism in Germany
9. The Nation is no “Order of Creation”
10. To the Theological Right of Nation and People as Expression of Real Human Moulding

About the Background of the Command to Love Your Enemies in The Sermon of The Mount
Ain Riistan
1. Introduction
2. Loving one’s enemies: what does it mean? Some answers from the Christian tradition
3. Loving one’s enemies – what does it mean? The perspective of Biblical Studies
4. “Jesus” of the “closed text” of political realities: Robert Eisenman
5. Jesus of the “closed text” of political realities: Gerd Theissen and N. T. Wright
5.1. Gerd Theissen
5.2. N. T. Wright
6. Jesus of the “open text” of daily life: the Jesus Seminar
7. “Jesus” of the “open text” of daily life: the Context Group
8. Conclusion

The Concept of The Third Rome and its Political Implications
Alar Laats
1. The Romes in History
2. The Emergence of the Doctrine of the Third Rome
3. The Idea of the Third Rome in the Sixteenth Century
4. The Content of the Doctrine of the Third Rome
5. Conclusion

Religion and Politics in The United States of America
Wilfried Gerhard
1. Creation Theology: On the Relationship between Natural Order and Constitutional Order
2. Mythology of Redemption
3. Exodus Theology
4. Covenant Theology
4.1. Individual and Community
4.2. Past and Future
5. Theology of Spirituality
6. Eschatology
6.1. Optimistic Version
6.2. Pessimism towards Progress

Religion and Education in Post-Communist Russia: Russia’s Evolving Church-State Relations

Perry L. Glanzer and Konstantin Petrenko
1. History
2. Post-Communist Developments
2.1. State Schools
3. Religion and State-Supported Higher Education
3.1. Private Education
4. Conclusion

Terrorism: its Past, Present and Future Prospects
Erik Männik
1. Introduction
2. Defining terrorism
3. The history and occurrence of terrorism in the present day
4. Does terrorism work?
5. Terrorist organisations: is al-Qaeda a special case?
6. Global “war on terror”: a battle between structures or a conflict of thoughts and ideologies?
7. The future: fading or escalating religious terrorism?

In Search of “Twin Tolerations”: Models of Church-State Relations in Romania
Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu
1. Church-State Relations before 1989
2. Models of Church-State Interaction in Post-Communism
2.1. The Managed Quasi-Pluralist Model
2.2. The Established Church Model
3. In Search of Twin Tolerations?

Secularization of Society After Communism: Ten Catholic-Protestant Societies
Alar Kilp
1. Defining secularization of society
2. Decline of church authority in European societies
2.1. Religious affiliation
2.2. Personal religiosity
2.3. Religious practice
2.4. Religious beliefs
2.5. Traditional religious values
2.6. Status of institutional religion
3. Theoretical conclusions
3.1. Modernization
3.2. Communist regime
3.3. Cultural defense
3.4. Confession and ethno-religious homogeneity

Europe: its Spiritual Foundation: Yesterday, Today and in The Future
Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger
1. The Rise of Europe
2. The Turning Point Towards the Modern Age
3. The Universalization of the European Culture and Its Crisis
4. Where Do We Stand Today?

Is There a “Minimum of Religious Existence” ?
Erich Geldbach

Times of the Collapse of Universal Human Rights or About Meta-Ethics After Macintyre
Meego Remmel
1. Before MacIntyre: Noah’s Ark or Titanic?
2. MacIntyre: extending ethics of virtue with practice, narrative, and tradition of telos
2.1. Practice
2.2. Narrative
2.3. Tradition
3. After Macintyre: quo vadis Christian ethics?

The Temple in The Polis: Faith is Not Ideology
Maciej Zięba OP
1. “Possession”: a necessary condition of ideology
2. Devastation of the public square
3. Social conclusion
4. Political conclusion
5. Ecclesiastical conclusion


Series Editors:
Aandres Saumets and Alar Kilp

Religion and Politics in Multicultural Europe:
Perspectives and Challenges

Alar Kilp and Andres Saumets

ISSN 1736-0242
ISBN 978-9985-9513-7-8

Copyright: Estonian National Defence College, 2009
Tartu University Press